• 姓名: 张元明
  • 性别: 男
  • 职称: 研究员
  • 职务: 所长
  • 学历: 博士
  • 电话: 0991-7885303
  • 传真: 
  • 电子邮件: zhangym@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 所属部门: 
  • 通讯地址: 乌鲁木齐市北京南路818号。

    简  历:

  •   张元明,男,1972年10月生。生态学博士,中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所所长、二级研究员,博士生导师,中国科学院干旱区生物地理与生物资源重点实验室主任。2016年入选国家“万人计划”中青年科技创新领军人才,国家重点研发计划项目首席。
    学习经历:
    1991.09-1995.07:新疆师范大学生物系,获学士学位;
    1995.09-1998.07:中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,获硕士学位;
    1998.08-1999.06:中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,助理研究员;
    1999.07-2002.06:中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所,获博士学位;
    工作经历
    2002.07-2003.03:中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,副研究员;
    2003.03-2005.05:中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,研究员,研究室副主任;
    2005.05-2006.08:中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,研究员,科研处副处长(主持工作);
    2006.08-2016.12:中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,研究员,研究室主任,院重点实验室主任;
    2016.12-2018.06:中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所副所长,研究员,院重点实验室主任;
    2018.07-2019.06:中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所副所长(主持工作),研究员,所学术/学位委员会副主任,院重点实验室主任;
    2019.07-至今:中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所所长,研究员,所学术/学位委员会主任,院重点实验室主任。
     

    社会任职:

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    研究方向:

  • 荒漠生态系统结构与功能研究 

    承担科研项目情况:

  • 1.国家重点研发计划项目, 天山北坡退化野果林生态保育与健康调控技术(2016YFC0501500), 2016-2020, 1300万;
    2.国家自然科学基金委员会面上基金, 生物土壤结皮的群落属性对温带荒漠生态系统多功能性的影响(41571256),2016-2019, 70万元; 
    3.国家自然科学基金委员会联合基金, 生物结皮的人工培养及其对受损荒漠地表的生态修复(U1203301), 2013-2016, 100万元;
    4.国家自然科学基金委员会面上基金, 古尔班通古特沙漠生物结皮对种子植物多样性的影响(40771114), 2008-2010, 50万元; 
    5.国家自然科学基金委员会面上基金, 古尔班通古特沙漠生物土壤结皮微结构研究(40571085), 2006-2008, 45万元;
    6.国家自然科学基金委员会重大研究计划, 荒漠地表生物结皮形成机制及其在沙漠化防治中的应用(90202019), 2003-2005, 85万元;
    7.中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目, 典型温带荒漠生物多样性研究—以准噶尔荒漠为例(KZCX3-SW-343), 2005-2007, 150万;
    8.新疆维吾尔自治区区域协同创新专项, 上海合作组织科技伙伴计划及国际科技合作计划, 中外跨国合作保护天山野果林(2019E01016), 2019-2021, 80万;
    9.新疆维吾尔自治区高技术研究发展项目, 天山野果林生态系统恢复与保育关键技术(2016B03040), 2016-2018, 45万元;
     

    代表论著:

  • 出版专著:
    [1].张元明, 李耀明, 沈观冕等编著. 中亚植物资源及其利用[C]. 气象出版社, 2014 
    [2].张元明, 王雪芹. 准噶尔荒漠生物结皮研究[C]. 科学出版社, 2008.
    [3].Weber Bettina, Burkhard Büdel, Jayne Belnap. Biological Soil Crusts: An Organizing Principle in Drylands. ecological studies, Springer, 2016. (Chapter 19 leading author: Zhang Yuanming, Aradottir Asa L., Serpe Marcelo, Boeken Bertrand) 
     
    SCI论文发表:
    [1].Su Yangui, Chen Yingwu, Padilla Francisco M, Zhang Yuanming*, Huang Gang*. The influence of biocrusts on the spatial pattern of soil bacterial communities: A case study at landscape and slope scales. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2020, 142, DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2020.107721
    [2].Zhou Xiaobing, Tao Ye, Yin Benfeng, Tucker Colin, Zhang Yuanming*. Nitrogen pools in soil covered by biological soil crusts of different successional stages in a temperate desert in Central Asia. Geoderma, 2020, 366(1):114166.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.114166
    [3].Zhang Jing, Zhang Yuanming*. Ecophysiological responses of the biocrust moss Syntrichia caninervis to experimental snow cover manipulations in a temperate desert of central Asia. Ecological Research, 2020, 35(1):198-207.
    [4].Li Yonggang, Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Moss patch size and microhabitats influence stoichiometry of moss crusts in a temperate desert, Central Asia. Plant and Soil, 2019a, 443(1-2):55-72.
    [5].Li Yonggang, Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Shrub modulates the stoichiometry of moss and soil in desert ecosystems, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2019b, 11(4): 579-594.
    [6].Wu Lin, Zhang Yuanming*. Precipitation and soil particle size co-determine spatial distribution of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(5):701-711.
    [7].Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Yongqing, Li Xiangzhen*, Zhang Yuanming*. Successional changes of fungal communities along the biocrust development stages. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 2018, 54(2): 285-294.
    [8].Zhou Xiaobing, Bowker Matthew A, Tao Ye, Wu Lin, Zhang Yuanming*. Chronic nitrogen addition induces a cascade of plant community responses with both seasonal and progressive dynamics. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 626:99-108.
    [9].Jia Fengqin, Tiyip Tashpolat, Wu Nan, Tian Changyan, Zhang Yuanming*. Characteristics of soil seed banks at different geomorphic positions within the longitudinal sand dunes of the Gurbantunggut Desert, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(3):355-367.
    [10].Tao Ye, Wu Ganlin, Zhang Yuanming*. Dune-scale distribution pattern of herbaceous plants and their relationship with environmental factors in a saline-alkali desert in Central Asia. Science of the Total Environment, 2017, 576:473-480.
    [11].Zhang Yuanming*, Zhou Xiaobing, Yin Benfeng, Downing Alison. Sensitivity of the xerophytic moss Syntrichia caninervis to prolonged simulated nitrogen deposition. Annals of Botany, 2016, 117(7):1153-1161.
    [12].Pan Zhao, Pitt William G., Zhang Yuanming, Wu Nan, Tao Ye, Truscott Tadd T*. The upside-down water collection system of Syntrichia caninervis. Nature Plants, 2016, 2(7): DOI: 10.1038/NPLANTS.2016.76.
    [13].Su Yangui, Huang gang, Lin Yajun, Zhang Yuanming*. No synergistic effects of water and nitrogen addition on soil microbial communities and soil respiration in a temperate desert. Catena, 2016,142:126-133.
    [14].Tao Ye, Wu Ganlin, Zhang Yuanming*, Zhou Xiaobing. Leaf N and P stoichiometry of 57 plant species in the Karamori Mountain Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2016, 8(6):935-947.
    [15].Zhang Bingchang, Kong Weidong, Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*. Bacterial diversity and community along the succession of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northern China. Journal Of Basic Microbiology, 2016, 56(6):670-679.
    [16].Zhang Bingchang, Li Renhui, Xiao Peng, Su Yangui, Zhang Yuanming*. Cyanobacterial composition and spatial distribution based on pyrosequencing data in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 2016, 56(3):308-320.
    [17].Yin Benfeng, Zhang Yuanming*. Physiological regulation of Syntrichia caninervis Mitt. in different microhabitats during periods of snow in the Gurbantunggut Desert, northwestern China. Journal of Plant Physiology, 2016, 194:13-22.
    [18].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*, Yin Benfeng. Divergence in physiological responses between cyanobacterial and lichen crusts to a gradient of simulated nitrogen deposition. Plant and Soil, 2016, 399:121-134.
    [19].Zhang Yuanming*, Belnap Jayne. Growth responses of five desert plants as influenced by biological soil crusts from a temperate desert, China. Ecological Research, 2015, 30(6):1037-1045.
    [20].Wu Lin, Zhang Yuanming*, Zhang Jing, Downing Alison. Precipitation intensity is the primary driver of moss crust-derived CO2 exchange: Implications for soil C balance in a temperate desert of northwestern China. European Journal of Soil Biology, 2015, 67:27-34.
    [21].Zhang Bingchang, Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Responses of microbial activities and soil physical-chemical properties to the successional process of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Xinjiang. Journal of Arid Land, 2015, 7(1):101-109.
    [22].Zhuang Weiwei, Downing Alison, Zhang Yuanming*. The influence of biological soil crusts on N15 translocation in soil and vascular plant in a temperate desert of northwestern China. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2015, 8(4):420-428.
    [23].Zhuang Weiwei, Serpe Marcelo, Zhang Yuanming*. The effect of lichen-dominated biological soil crusts on growth and physiological characteristics of three plant species in a temperate desert of northwest China. Plant Biology, 2015, 17(6):1165-1175.
    [24].Wu Nan, Pan Huixia, Qiu Dong, Zhang Yuanming*. Feasibility of EPS-producing bacterial inoculation to speed up the sand aggregation in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 2014, 54:1378-1386.
    [25].Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*, Downin g Alison, Aanderud Zachary T., Tao Ye, Williams Steven. Rapid adjustment of leaf angle explains how the desert moss, Syntrichia caninervis, copes with multiple resource limitations during rehydration. Functional Plant Biology, 2014, 41(2):168-177.
    [26].Zhang Jing, Zhang Yuanming. Diurnal variations of chlorophyll fluorescence and CO2 exchange of biological soil crusts in different successional stages in the Gurbantunggut Desert of northwestern China. Ecological Research, 2014, 29(2): 289-298.
    [27].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Season and Nitrogen Effects on Activities of Three Hydrolytic Enzymes in Soils of the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwest China. Communications In Soil Science And Plant Analysis, 2014a, 45(12):1699-1713.
    [28].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Seasonal pattern of soil respiration and gradual changing effects of nitrogen addition in a soil of the Gurbantunggut Desert, northwestern China. Atmospheric Environment, 2014b, 85:187-194.
    [29].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*. Temporal dynamics of soil oxidative enzyme activity across a simulated gradient of nitrogen deposition in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Geoderma, 2014c, 213:261-267.
    [30].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*, Niklas Karl J. Sensitivity of growth and biomass allocation patterns to increasing nitrogen: a comparison between ephemerals and annuals in the Gurbantunggut Desert, north-western China. Annals of Botany, 2014, 113(3):501-511.
    [31].Su Yangui, Wu Lin, Zhou Zhibin, Liu Yaobin, Zhang Yuanming*. Carbon flux in deserts depends on soil cover type: A case study in the Gurbantunggute desert, North China. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2013, 58:332-340.
    [32].Tao Ye, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison. Similarity and difference in vegetation structure of three desert shrub communities under the same temperate climate but with different microhabitats. Botanical Studies, 2013, 54. DOI: 10.1186/1999-3110-54-59
    [33].Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Yuanming*, Su Yangui, Wang Jingzhu, Zhang Jing. Responses of Microalgal-Microbial Biomass and Enzyme Activities of Biological Soil Crusts to Moisture and Inoculated Microcoleus vaginatus Gradients. Arid Land Research And Management, 2013. 27(3):216-230.
    [34].Su Yangui, Wu Lin, Zhang Yuanming*. Characteristics of carbon flux in two biologically crusted soils in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Catena, 2012, 96:41-48.
    [35].Tao Ye, Zhang Yuanming*. Effects of leaf hair points of a desert moss on water retention and dew formation: implications for desiccation tolerance. Journal of Plant Research, 2012,125:351-360.
    [36].Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison, Zhang Jing, Yang Chunhong. Membrane stability of the desert moss Syntrichia caninervis Mitt. during desiccation and rehydration. Journal of Bryology, 2012, 34(1):1-8.
    [37].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison. Non-linear response of microbial activity across a gradient of nitrogen addition to a soil from the Gurbantunggut Desert, northwestern China. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2012, 47:67-77.
    [38].Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison, Niu Yulu. Distribution and Composition of Cyanobacteria and Microalgae Associated with Biological Soil Crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, China. Arid Land Research And Management, 2011, 25(3):275-293.
    [39].Zhang Jing, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison, Wu Nan, Zhang Bingchang. Photosynthetic and cytological recovery on remoistening Syntrichia caninervis Mitt., a desiccation-tolerant moss from Northwestern China. Photosynthetica, 2011, 49(1):13-20.
    [40].Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Yuanming*, Ji Xuehua, Downing Alison, Serpe Marcelo. Combined effects of nitrogen deposition and water stress on growth and physiological responses of two annual desert plants in northwestern China. Environmental And Experimental Botany, 2011, 74:1-8.
    [41].Zhang Yuanming*, Wu Nan, Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Jing. Species composition, distribution patterns and ecological functions of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert. Journal of Arid Land, 2010, 2(3):180-189.
    [42].Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*, Pan Huixia, Zhang Jing. The Role of Nonphotosynthetic Microbes in the Recovery of Biological Soil Crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Arid Land Research And Management, 2010, 24(1):42-56.
    [43].Chen Rongyi, Zhang Yuanming*, Li Yuan, Wei Wenshou, Zhang Jing, Wu Nan. The variation of morphological features and mineralogical components of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert of Northwestern China. Environmental Geology, 2009, 57:1135-1143.
    [44].Zhang Bingchang, Zhang Yuanming*, Zhao Jiancheng, Wu Nan, Chen Rongyi, Zhang Jing. Microalgal species variation at different successional stages in biological soil crusts of the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 2009, 45:539-547.
    [45].Zhang Jing, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison, Cheng Junhui, Zhou Xiaobing, Zhang Bingchang. The influence of biological soil crusts on dew deposition in Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Journal Of Hydrology, 2009, 379:220-228.
    [46].Wu Nan, Zhang Yuanming*, Downing Alison. Comparative study of nitrogenase activity in different types of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China. Journal of Arid Environments, 2009, 73:828-833.
    [47].ZhangYuanming*, Chen Jin, Wang L., Wang Xueqin, Gu Zhihui. The spatial distribution patterns of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northern Xinjiang, China. Journal of Arid Environments, 2007, 68(4):599-610.
    [48].Zhang Yuanming*, Wang Hongling, Wang Xueqin, Yang Weikang, Zhang Daoyuan. The microstructure of microbiotic crust and its influence on wind erosion for a sandy soil surface in the Gurbantunggut Desert of Northwestern China. Geoderma, 2006, 132(3-4):441-449.
    [49].Wu Nan, Wang Hongling, Liang Shaoming, Nie Huali, Zhang Yuanming*. Temporal-spatial dynamics of distribution patterns of microorganism relating to biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2006, 51:124-131.
    [50].Zhang Yuanming*. 2005. The microstructure and formation of biological soil crusts in their early developmental stage. Chinese Science Bulletin 50:117-121.
    [51].Zhang Yuanming*, Chen Yaning, Pan Borong. Distribution and floristics of desert plant communities in the lower reaches of Tarim River, southern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. Journal of Arid Environments, 2005, 63(4):772-784.
     
    CSCD论文发表:
    [1].周晓兵, 张元明*, 陶冶, 吴林. 新疆古尔班通古特沙漠土壤N2O、CH4和CO2通量及其对氮沉降增加的响应. 植物生态学报, 2017, 41:290-300.
    [2].许红梅, 李进, 张元明*. 水分条件对人工培养齿肋赤藓光化学效率及生理特性的影响. 植物生态学报, 2017, 41:882-893.
    [3].陶冶, 张元明*, 周晓兵. 伊犁野果林浅层土壤养分生态化学计量特征及其影响因素. 应用生态学报, 2016, 27:2239-2248.
    [4].陶冶, 张元明*.古尔班通古特沙漠4种草本植物叶片与土壤的化学计量特征. 应用生态学报, 2015,26:659-665.
    [5].尹本丰, 张元明, 娄安如. 灌丛移除对荒漠齿肋赤藓越冬过程中生理生化特性的影响. 植物生态学报, 2016, 40:723-734.
    [6].尹本丰, 张元明*. 冻融过程对荒漠区不同微生境下齿肋赤藓渗透调节物含量和抗氧化酶活力的影响. 植物生态学报, 2015, 39: 517-529.
    [7].肖遥, 陶冶, 张元明*. 古尔班通古特沙漠4种荒漠草本植物不同生长期的生物量分配与叶片化学计量特征. 植物生态学报, 2014, 38:929-940.
    [8].尹本丰, 张元明*. 荒漠区不同微生境下齿肋赤藓对一次降雪的生理生化响应. 植物生态学报, 2014, 38:978-989.
    [9].陶冶, 张元明*, 吴小波.古尔班通古特沙漠白茎绢蒿和准噶尔沙蒿种群多尺度多参数空间分布格局. 应用生态学报, 2013, 24:3019-3026.
    [10].张丙昌, 王敬竹, 张元明*, 邵华. 水分对具鞘微鞘藻构建人工藻结皮的作用. 应用生态学报, 2013, 24: 535-540.
    [11].张元明, 聂华丽. 生物土壤结皮对准噶尔盆地5种荒漠植物幼苗生长与元素吸收的影响. 植物生态学报, 2011, 35:380-388.
    [12].周晓兵, 张元明*, 王莎莎, 张丙昌. 模拟氮沉降和干旱对准噶尔盆地两种一年生荒漠植物生长和光合生理的影响. 植物生态学报, 2010, 34:1394-1403.
    [13].张元明. 荒漠地表生物土壤结皮的微结构及其早期发育特征. 科学通报, 2005, 50:42-47.
    [14].张元明, 陈晋, 王雪芹, 潘惠霞, 辜智慧, 潘伯荣.古尔班通古特沙漠生物结皮的分布特征. 地理学报, 2005, 60:53-60.
    [15].张元明, 陈亚宁, 张小雷.塔里木河下游植物群落分布格局及其环境解释. 地理学报, 2004, 75:903-910.
    [16].张元明, 潘惠霞, 潘伯荣. 古尔班通古特沙漠不同地貌部位生物结皮的选择性分布. 水土保持学报, 2004, 34: 61-64.
    [17].张元明, 曹同, 潘伯荣. 新疆博格达山地面生苔藓植物物种多样性研究. 应用生态学报, 2003, 14:887-891.
    [18].张元明, 陈亚宁, 张道远.塔里木河中游植物群落与环境因子的关系. 地理学报, 2003, 58:109-118.
    [19].张元明, 曹同, 潘伯荣. 新疆博格达山地面生苔藓植被的数量分类与排序研究. 植物生态学报, 2002, 26:10-16.
     

    专利申请:

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    获奖及荣誉:

  • 1.2017年度, 典型温带荒漠生态系统功能及其对环境变化的适应机制, 新疆维吾尔自治区自然科学类一等奖, 排名第一;
    2.2011年度, 新疆天山自然遗产价值与保护管理研究, 新疆维吾尔自治区科技进步一等奖, 排名第五;
    3.2008年度, 典型温带荒漠区原生植被对环境变化的响应与适应研究, 新疆维吾尔自治区科技进步一等奖, 排名第五。